Updated 2020 Tax Numbers

The IRS has released the key tax numbers that are updated annually for inflation, including tax brackets, phaseouts, standard deduction, and contribution limits.  Due to rounding limitations, not all numbers have changed from last year, but tax bracket thresholds have increased by just under 1.6%.  The notices containing this information are available on the IRS website here and here.  Some notable callouts for those who don’t want to read all the way through the update:

  • Max contributions to 401k, 403b, and 457 retirement accounts will increase by $500 to $19,500 (+$6,500 catch-up, up from $6,000, if you’re at least age 50).
  • Max contribution to a SIMPLE retirement account will increase by $500 to $13,500 (+$3,000 catch-up if you’re at least age 50).
  • Max total contribution to most employer retirement plans (employee + employer contributions) increases from $56,000 to $57,000.
  • Max contribution to an IRA remains at $6,000 (+$1,000 catch-up if you’re at least age 50).
  • The phase out for being able to make a Roth IRA contribution is $206k (married) and $139k (single). Phase out begins at $196k (married) and $124k (single).
  • The standard deduction increases by $400 to $24,800 (married) and by $200 to $12,400 (single) +$1,300 if you’re at least age 65.
  • The personal exemption remains $0 (the Tax Cuts & Jobs Act eliminated the personal exemption in favor of a higher standard deduction and child tax credits).
  • The child tax credit is not inflation-adjusted and remains at $2,000, phasing out between $400-440k (married) and $200-220k (single).
  • The maximum contribution to a Health Savings Account (HSA) will increase to $7,100 (married) and $3,550 (single).
  • The annual gift tax exemption remains at $15,000 per giver per receiver.
  • Social Security benefits will rise 1.6% in 2020.  The wage base for Social Security taxes will rise to $137,700 in 2019 from $132,900.

You can find all of the key tax numbers, updated upon release, on the PWA website, under Resources.

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